A. Meaning Definition / Definition of Hajj
The Hajj is an obligatory worship performed by Muslims who are able or authorized to implement both economic, physical, psychological, safety, licensing and so forth. Going to the Hajj is a worship that fall into the pillars of islam five pillars of Islam to that performed at least once in their lives.
B. Legal Terms Hajj
1. Religion of Islam2. Adult / baligh (not mumayyis)3. Not crazy / sane4. Not a slave (free)
C. Mandatory Requirements Muslim Hajj
1. Moslems (Not infidels / apostates)2. Baligh / adult3. Sane / rational4. Free (not slave)5. Able to perform Hajj
Terms "Able" in Hajj
1. Sound mind and body are not in a state of elderly, sick, paralyzed, suffered severe infectious illness, insanity, severe stress, and so forth. Should be implemented as a young pilgrim young, healthy and nimble, so easy in carrying hajj pilgrimage and become a Mabrur.
2. Having enough money for the cost of the pilgrimage (ONH) round trip and have a stock during the running of the pilgrimage.Do not let Ramanujan are displaced in Saudi Arabia because they do not have the money anymore. If you have dependents must still be living during the hajj.
3. Adequate security during the trip and make the pilgrimage as well as their families and possessions left behind during the haj.For women must be accompanied by a husband or a mahram men who can be trusted.
D. Pillars of Hajj
Pillars of Hajj are things that must be done in a pilgrimage that if there are not implemented, then declared invalid alias failed pilgrimage, should be repeated at the next opportunity.
1. Ihram2. Wukuf3. Thawaf4. Sa'i5. Tahallul
Indonesian From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia
Hajj (Arabic: حج; transliteration: Hajj) is the pillar (pillar of religion) of Islam that the fifth after the creed, prayer, almsgiving and fasting. Pilgrimage is a form of an annual ritual performed Muslims worldwide are capable of (material, physical, and science) to visit and carry out some activities in some places in Saudi Arabia at one time known as the hajj (the month of Dhul-Hijjah). This is different to worship Umrah can be performed at any time.
Core activities of the pilgrimage begins on the 8th of Dhul-Hijjah when Muslims spend the night in Mina, wukuf (silent) at Padang Arafah on the 9th of Dhul-Hijjah, and ends after throwing Jumrah (symbolizing stoning the devil) on the 10th of Dhul-Hijjah.Indonesian society is also commonly called the feast of Eid al-Adha as Hari Raya Haji because it coincides with the celebration of this pilgrimage.
In lughawi, Hajj means menyengaja or to and visit.  According to an Arabic etymology, the word has meaning qashd Hajj, ie the purpose, intent, and menyengaja. According to the terms Personality ', Hajj is headed to the House and certain places to perform certain deeds, deeds of worship as well. What is meant by Temat certain points in the definition above, in addition to the Kaaba and Mas'a (sa'i place), also Arafat, Muzdalifah, and Mina.What is meant by a certain time is the months of Shawwal Hajj which started ten days until the first month of Dhul-Hijjah. As for specific deeds is tawaf, sa'i, wukuf, mazbit in Muzdalifah, throw Jumrah, mabit in Mina, and others. 
The Arabs in the days of ignorance have known this pilgrimage which they inherited from previous ancestors by making changes here and there. However, a common form of implementation is still there, as tawaf, sa'i, wukuf, and throwing Jumrah. It's just practice a lot that does not correspond anymore with actual Shari'a. For that, Islam came and improve aspects of the wrong and still run anything that has been in accordance with the instructions Personality '(Shari'a), as stipulated in the Qur'an and Sunnah apostles.  The background of the pilgrimage is also based on a similar service performed by the prophets in Islam, especially the prophet Ibrahim (prophet religion Tawhid). Tawaf ritual is based on a similar service implemented by the peoples before the prophet Ibarahim. Sa'i ritual, which ran between the hills Safa and Marwah (the area is rather high at around Kaaba which has become one entity Masjid Al Haram, Makkah), also based ritual to commemorate the prophet Abraham's second wife when looking for milk for his son Prophet Ismail. While wukuf at Arafat is the meeting place for the ritual to commemorate the prophet Adam and Eve on earth, namely the origin of birth of all mankind.
Each congregation is free to choose the type who wants to implementation of the pilgrimage. Prophet Muhammad gave freedom in that regard, as shown in the following hadith.
Aisha RA said: We set out to worship with Prophet Muhammad in the year hajjatul Farewell. Among us there are berihram, for Hajj and Umrah and some are berihram for Hajj. People who berihram for Umrah air-tahallul when it has been in the House.While the person who berihram for Hajj if he collects and Umrah pilgrimage. So he did not perform up to the completion of tahallul Nahar.  
Here are the types and understanding the intended pilgrimage. Haji ifrad, meant to be alone. Implementation of the pilgrimage is called when someone intends ifrad segregate, isolate both Hajj and Umrah isolate. In this case, the precedence is the pilgrimage. That is, when dressed in miqat his ihram, the person intends to perform Hajj first. If the pilgrimage is completed, the person wearing the ihram again to perform Umrah.
Haji tamattu 'has meant to have fun or relax by performing Umrah in the month of first-bulah pilgrimage, another bertahallul. Then put on ihram clothing again to perform the pilgrimage, in the same year. Tamattu 'can also mean practice their religion in the months and in the same year, without first return to the country of origin.
Haji qiran, meant combine, unite or menyekaliguskan. What is meant here is to unite or menyekaliguskan berihram to perform Hajj and Umrah. Haji qiran done while dressed in ihram since miqat makani and implement all pillars and obligatory pilgrimage to completion, although it probably will take a long time.According to Abu Hanifah, perform hajj qiran, means doing two and two sa'i tawaf.
Here are the main activities of the Hajj in order of time:
Before the 8th of Dhul-Hijjah, Muslims from around the world began to flock to perform Tawaf Haji at Masjid Al Haram, Makkah.
8th of Dhul-Hijjah, pilgrims spend the night in Mina. On the morning of 8th of Dhul-Hijjah, all Muslims wearing Ihram (two pieces of fabric with no seams as clothing Hajj), then intending pilgrimage, and read the readings Talbiyah. Pilgrims then go out to Mina, so that evening all pilgrims must spend the night in Mina.
9 Dhul-Hijjah, the next morning all pilgrims go to Arafat. Then the pilgrims perform wukuf worship, which is silent and pray in this vast desert until Maghrib come. When evening came, the pilgrims rushed to Muzdalifah and spend the night.
10 Dhul-Hijjah, after a morning in Muzdalifah, pilgrims head for Mina to perform worship Jumrah Aqabah, ie stone throwing as many as seven times the first monument as a symbol of casting out demons. After shaving the hair or some hair, Tawaf pilgrims to Hajj (Pilgrimage finish), or spend the night in Mina and implement Jumrah connection (Ula and Wustha).
11 Dhul-Hijjah, throwing Jumrah connection (Ula) in the first pillar, the second pillar and third pillar.12 Dhul-Hijjah, throwing Jumrah connection (Ula) in the first pillar, the second pillar and third pillar.Before returning to their respective countries, pilgrims carry Thawaf Wada '(farewell tawaf).[Edit] Location in the main pilgrimage
Makkah Al MukaromahIn this city stands the center of worship of Muslims worldwide, the Kaaba, which was in the center of the Grand Mosque. In the ritual of the Hajj, Makkah became a place of worship is an opening and closing when the pilgrims are required to carry out the intent and pilgrims circumambulate.
ArafatThe city on the east of Mecca also known as a place pilgrimage center, where wukuf yiatu implemented, ie on 9 Dhul-Hijjah of each year. Shaped this vast desert area is the gathering place of about two million pilgrims from around the world. Outside the pilgrimage season, this area is not used.[Edit] MuzdalifahPlaces near Mina and Arafat, known as the pilgrims do Mabit (Overnight) and collect rocks to practice their religion Jumrah in Mina.
MinaPerch Jumrah monument, namely the implementation of activities Jumrah threw stones at the monument as a symbol of Abraham's actions when cast out demons. Maising-enter the place was standing monument that is used for implementation: Jumrah Aqabah, Jumrah Ula, and Jumrah Wustha. In this place of pilgrims are also required to stay one night.
MedinaIs the second holy city of Islam. This is where the Muslim role model, Prophet Muhammad is buried in the Prophet's Mosque.This place does not actually enter into the ritual of the pilgrimage, but pilgrims from around the world typically took a visit to the city that is located approximately 330 km (450 miles via ground transportation) north of Mecca for pilgrimage and carry out the prayers in the mosque of the Prophet. See photos of circumstances and events in this mosque.[Edit] Haji Arbain
Arbain Hajj (Arabic: اربعين arba'in, meaning "forty") is a pilgrimage that is accompanied by the obligatory prayers as much as 40 times in Masjid An-Nabawi Medina without interruption. Worship is often done by pilgrims from Indonesia. In doing so, they at least stayed in Medina during the pilgrimage for 8 or 9 days, and with the obligatory prayers a day will count as much as 5 times and for 8 or 9 days it will be met 40 times the number of obligatory prayers without interruption.
The following are historic places, which, though not the pillars of Hajj, yet usually visited by pilgrims or other pilgrims :
Jabal Nur and the Cave of HiraJabal Nur is located approximately 6 miles north of the Grand Mosque. At its peak there is a cave known as the Cave of Hira. In this cave the Prophet Muhammad received the first revelation, namely Al-'Alaq verses 1-5.Jabal TyreJabal Tyre is located approximately 6 km south of the Grand Mosque. To achieve this requires a trip Cave Tyre climbed for 1.5 hours. In this mountain of Prophet Muhammad and Abu Bakr As-Siddiq hid from the siege of Quraysh when they wanted to migrate to Medina.Part of a series on the Islamic faith:Aqeedah
Pillars of Islam (Sunni)
Shahadah - Statement of faithSalat - PrayerZakāh - Paying alms mandatoryLent - Fasting during RamadanHajj - Conduct a series of worship in Mecca
Pillars of Faith (Sunni)Allāh - TawhidThe angel - The existence and dutiesThe Book of Allāh - Shuhuf and booksProphets and Apostles - religious Shari'aEnd of Day - the Day of JudgementQada and Qadar - Terms and destinyOther
Islamic eschatology.Jabal RahmahThat is a meeting place of the Prophet Adam and Eve after they separated while down from heaven. Important event is the last place of the revelation to the Prophet Muhammad, namely Al-Maidah paragraph 3.
Jabal UhudIt lies approximately 5 miles from the center of Medina. On the hill this devastating war between the Muslims against the idolaters of Mecca. In the battle of the martyrs killed 70 people among them Hamza bin Abdul Muttalib, the uncle of the Prophet Muhammad.Love of the Prophet on the martyrs of Uhud, he always makes menziarahinya almost every year. For that, Jabal Uhud be one important place to diziarahi.
Tomb Baqi 'Baqi 'is a burial ground for residents since the days of ignorance until now. Pilgrims who died in Medina was buried in Baqi ', located to the east of the Prophet's Mosque. This is where the tomb of Uthman ibn Affan may Allah, the Prophet's wife, son and daughter, and his companions are buried. There are many differences in the tomb as the tomb of this holy land in Indonesia, especially in terms of laying of tombstones.
Mosque QiblatainIn the early days of Islam, the Muslims prayed facing Baitul Maqdis Qiblah direction in Jerusalem, Palestine. In the month of Rajab H-2 at the time of Prophet Muhammad perform midday prayers at this mosque, suddenly dropped the revelation of Surat al-Baqarah verse 144 which ordered that the prayers changed direction toward the Kabah the Grand Mosque, Mecca. By the end of the event is named Masjid mosque meaning a mosque oriented Qiblatain two.
Terms and Pillars of HajjOctober 16th, 2008 at 6:10 pm (Manasik Guide)Tags: rituals of Hajj, pillars of Hajj, Hajj conditions, compulsory Hajj
Free (not slave)
Pillars of Hajj
Wukuf in Arafat
The intention for Haj pilgrimage from Miqot
Mabit in Muzdalifah
Mabit in Mina
Throwing Jumroh Ula, Wustho and Aqobah
Tawaf Wada '
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