Wednesday, February 8, 2012

Prophet's birthday celebration is the practice of innovation is not very precise statement

Prophet's birthday celebration is the practice of innovation is not very precise statement


Prophet's Birthday celebration and controversy Ma'na Bid'ah statement that the Prophet's birthday celebration is the practice of innovation is not very precise statement, because innovation is something new or diada invented in Islam that have nothing at all from the foundation of Al -Qur'an and as-Sunna. As though a new birthday in Islam but it has a foundation of Al-Qur'an and as-Sunna.
On the birthday of the Prophet in obedience dalamya lot of value, such as: attitude of gratitude, reading and listening to reading the Koran, bersodaqoh, listen mauidhoh hasanah or studying, listening to the history and ideals of the Prophet, and read sholawat who all along has been understood that it is highly recommended by religion and there are arguments on the Qur'an and as-Sunna.
Pengukhususan Time
Some claimed that innovation is said to make the birthday of specialization (takhsis) in pelakanaan within a certain time, the month of Rabiul Beginnings it is not specified by the Shari'a. This statement needs to revisit sebenarnaya, because takhsis is forbidden in Islam is a way of believing or takhsis establish a charity law that charity should not be practiced except for special days and there is no specialization of the basis of its own syar'i (Dr Alawy bin Shihab, Intabih Dinuka fi Khotir: p.27).
This is in contrast to the placement of the Prophet's birthday celebration in early Rabi, because the people who implement the Prophet's birthday was not convinced, let alone establish that the law of the Prophet's birthday should not be made unless the moon Robiul Earlier, the Prophet's birthday may be held at any time, in the form of event different for any value of obedience and not mingled with sinners.
Specialization birthday time here is not a banned category takhsis syar'i, but your entry tartib category (policing).
Specialism in charity sholihah time is allowed, the Prophet Muhammad himself mengkhusukan particular day for worship and mosques berziaroh to Cuba, such as diriwatkan Ibn Umar that the Prophet Muhammad's mosque visit Cuba every Saturday on foot or by vehicle and two rekaat pray pray there ( Bukhari and Muslim). Ibn Hajar commented on this hadith says: "That this tradition with the number of allowed mengkhususan history shows some specific days by deeds done salihah and continually". (Fathul Bari 3: p. 84)
Imam Nawawi also said in line in the book Sharh Sahih Muslim.The friends of Anshor also menghususkan time to gather together to remember the favor of God, (ie the arrival of the Prophet SAW) on Friday or they call it Yaumul 'Urubah and blessed Prophet.
So it can be understood, that the birth of specialization in the schedule, Isro 'Mi'roj and the other is to curb the use of events within their moments, without any conviction, this is like the situation or the specialization of the school, classroom and school level penghususan all of whom have never set apart by the Shari'a, but it is allowed to order, and general human nature when the activity is not scheduled, the activities will be easily overlooked and eventually forgotten or abandoned.
Events beyond the month of Rabiul birthday actually been there from the beginning first, such as the reading of the book Dibagh wal Barjanji or books that contain other sholawat-sholawat held once a week in the villages and schools, it was actually a birthday category, although in Indonesia the public do not call it a birthday, and if we traveled in Muslim countries then we will find the form of events and different times in the Prophet's birthday event, because the expression of gratitude is not just one time but must be continuous and can be changed changed the way, as long as there are values ​​of obedience and not by way of sinners.
Such as in Yemen, birthday held every Friday night reading sholawat-containing sholawat prophet and religious speech of the scholars to always emulate the Prophet. Scheduling birthday in the month of Rabiul Early human culture is pure, no kaitanya with Shari'a and anyone who believes that the show's birthday should not be held by the Shari'a than month Rabiul Earlier we agree this is a heretical belief dholalah.
Never Do the Age of the Prophet and Sohabat
Among those who say birthday is bid'ah is because there is never a birthday event at the time of the Prophet, a friend or a period of the Salaf. This opinion comes from people who do not understand how the legal issue (istimbat) of Al-Quran and as-Sunna. Something not done or Companions of the Prophet, in terms of fiqh scholars proposal called at-Tark - and there is no information whether it is governed or prohibited by scholars of usul fiqh then it can not be used as arguments, either to prohibit or require.
As known the sense as-Sunna is perkatakaan, his deeds and approvals. The at-Tark did not go in it. Something that was left of the Prophet or sohabat has many possibilities, so it can not be decided immediately that it is forbidden or mandatory. Here I will mention the reasons why the Prophet leave anything:
A. Prophet leaving things because it is already entered in the verse or hadith general meanings, such as are included in the meaning of the verse: "And do thou good, so you get a victory.'' (Surah Al-Haj: 77). Virtue is the general meaning and The Prophet did not explain all the details.
2. The Prophet left the whole hog for fear it will do it stroked his people thought that it is mandatory and will weigh his people, like the Prophet left the tarawih prayer in congregation with friends for fear of mistaken terawih prayer is obligatory.
3. Prophet leave anything for fear of friendly feelings will change, like what he said on siti Aisha: "Seaindainya not because your people new to Islam was torn down will I Ka'bah and then I woke up again with the principles of Abraham. It has made the building ka Quraiys 'bah to be short. " (Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim) The Prophet left for merekontrusi ka'ba because the liver converts experts maintain that Mecca is not compromised.
4. Prophet leaves something because it has become customary, as in the hadith: The Prophet then treated to a roasted lizard Prophet extended his hand to eat it, then it should say: "the lizard!", So the Prophet took her hand again, and beliu asked "whether the lizard was unlawful ? The Prophet replied: "No, I have never found on earth my people, I was disgusted!" (Qur'an, Bukhari and Muslim) This hadith shows that what is left after the previous beliu Prophet received it does not mean it is haram or forbidden.
5. Companions of the Prophet or to leave something for doing more afdhol. And the more mainstream does not indicate that diutamai (mafdhul) is haram.dan still many other possibilities (for larger cf. Sheikh Abdullah al Ghomariy. Husnu Tafahum wad limasalatit Tark Dark)
And the Prophet said: "What dihalalakan God in His book then it is halal, and what is forbidden is forbidden and what is left in place then it is a mercy from Allah then accept His forgiveness, and God never forgetting anything, then the Prophet read : "Your Lord and not forget." (Narrated by Abu Dawud, Bazaar, etc..) and the Prophet also said: "Verily, Allah sets enkau obligation so do not waste it and set boundaries so you do not pass through it and forbid something then do not you break it , and he quieted things because to be a blessing for you without having to forget so do not discuss it ". (HR.Daruqutnhi)
And God said: "What the Messenger to you, then accept it. And what he forbids you, then leave. And fear Allah. Verily Allah is severe in punishment." (QS.Al Hasr: 7) and God does not say and what ditinggalknya then leave.
It can be concluded that the "at-Tark" does not give legal faidah haram, and reason with the reason for prohibition birthday of the Prophet and the Companions did not do the same as postulated by something that can not be used as the argument!
Imam Suyuti who said this statement saying: "I do not know that there's birthday came in the Book and Sunna" with the answer: "Not knowing the proposition that the proposition does not mean there is no", peryataannya Suyutiy Imam is based because he himself and Ibn Hajar al-Asqolaniy have been able to spend a birthday postulates of as-Sunna. (Sheikh Ali Gomaa. Al-Bayanul Qowim, p.28)
Zarnuzi GhufronChairman of the LMI-PCINU Yemen and is now being studied at the Faculty of Sharia wal Qonun Univ Al-Ahgoff, Hadramaut, Yemen


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