Tuesday, December 13, 2011

Ibn Sina

Ibn Sina

Ibn Sina is a leading Islamic doctor. Contribution in the medical field not only certified by the Islamic world but also by Western scholars. Ibn Sina's real name was Abu Ali al-Abdullah Ibn Hussian. But in the West, he became known as Avicenna.
Ibn Sina was born in 370 AH corresponding to 980 AD. Studies initially starts in Bukhara in the field of language and literature. In addition, he also studied other sciences such as geometry, logic, mathematics, science, jurisprudence, and medicine.
Although Ibn Sina master various knowledge, including philosophy, but he was more prominent in the medical field either as a doctor or master of science tersebut.Ibnu Sina became famous after successful cure Nas Prince Nub Ibn al-Samani who fail to be treated by other doctors. Prowess and expertise in the medical field was unrivaled until he was given the title of al-Shaykh al-Rais (First Master).

Fame beyond the regional and Islamic countries. His book Al Qanun fil diRom Tabib was published in 1593 before dubbed into English with the title Precepts of Medicine. Within less than 100 years, the book was printed in 15 languages. In the 17th century, the book was used as a basic reference-university college days Italy and France.

In fact until the 19th century, his book is still reprinted and used by medical students.bnu Sina has also produced a book titled The Heart remedies for containing medical poems. In the book, he describes and explains the 760 types of disease with how to treat it.

Ibn Sina's writings are not confined to medicine only. But also covers other areas such as metaphysics and science, music, astronomy, philologi (linguistics), poetry, prose, and agama.Penguasaannya in various fields of knowledge has made him a versatile scholar figures. He not only mastered, but managed to reach the zenith of the level of the highest peaks of excellence in its chosen field.

In addition to the zenith in the medical field, Ibn Sina, also ranked high in the field of logic so called third teacher. In the field of literature, Ibn Sina has produced hundreds of works, including the pamphlet containing the result of the creative arts.
What is more amazing is that he at Ibn Sina was a famous philosopher. He once wrote a book called al-Najah addressing philosophical questions. Ibn Sina's philosophical thought is greatly influenced by the philosopher al-Farabi flows that have turned the thoughts of Aristotle.
Therefore, the medical opinion of Ibn Sina was also influenced by the basic theory of the Greeks, particularly Hippocrates medicine.

Greek medical theory based on four elements, called humours of blood, mucus (phlegm), yellow bile (yellow bile), and black bile (black bile). According to this theory, the health of a person having a relationship with a mixture of all four elements.

These four elements should be at a balanced and when this balance is disturbed then the person will receive individual penyakit.Setiap formula is said to have a different balance.Although the theory is found to be accurate, but has placed a strong foundation to the medical world to identify the cause of disease in humans.

Ibn Sina was filtering kosmogoni Greek theories and mengislamkannya.Ibnu Sina believes that every human body consists of four elements of earth, water, fire, and wind. All four of these elements gives the nature of wet, cold, hot, and dry, and always dependent on other elements found in nature. Ibn Sina believes that there is natural resistance in the human body to fight disease. So, in addition to the balance of the elements specified, the man also needs a strong resistance in the body to maintain health and healing.

The influence of Greek thought, not only can be seen in Ibn Sina's view on health and medicine, but also philosophy. Ibn Sina's view that mathematics can be used to understand God. Such view was put forward by the Greek philosophers like Pythagoras to elaborate on an event.

For Pythagoras, an item with the figures and the figures were in power in the universe. Based on that view, the Imam al-Ghazali, Ibn Sina has been described as a misguided ideology and more damaging than the Jewish and Christian beliefs.

In fact, Ibn Sina did not reject the authority of God. In the book, An-Najah, Ibn Sina has stated that the inventor who is named as "Necessary al-Create" is the one. He is formless and can not be divided in any way.
According to Ibn Sina, all that exists (al-existing mumkin) derived from "Necessary al-Create" with no permulaan.Tetapi not required all that exists comes from Wujud Necessary because He willed not in compliance. However, do not be an obstacle to Compulsory Wujud to bestow or publish everything that exists because of His perfection and height.

Philosophical thought and the concept of divinity was written by Ibn Sina in the chapter "Himah Ilahiyyah" in clause "About the order of mind and matter, heaven and atasan.Pemikiran nufus Avicenna has sparked controversy and has been described as an attempt to debate the substance of God. Al- Ghazali has written a book called Tahafat al'Falasifah (No Continuity In thinking of the Philosophers) to debate the thought of Ibn Sina and al-Farabi.
Among the contradictions posed by al-Ghazali is the denial of the belief in the immortality of the planet, the denial of the denial of Ibn Sina and al-Farabi on the rise of the human body with feelings of happiness and suffering in heaven or hell.Notwithstanding the views expressed, the contribution of Ibn Sina in the development of Islamic philosophy can not be denied.
In fact, he may be regarded as the person responsible for organizing knowledge in Islamic philosophy and science. Indeed, Ibn Sina did not only excel in the medical field, but greatness in the field of philosophy itself above his teacher, al-Farabi.

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