Wednesday, December 21, 2011


Meaning of Prayer
Prayer literally means prayer or prayer of a good. In terms of the Shari'ah, and prayers mean the words and acts that begin with interpretation of intent along with a greeting and end with certain conditions.
The words in the prayer known as the rule qawliyy.Manakala acts in prayers known as the rule fi'liyy and behavior other than the words and deeds known as qalbiyy rule.
Prayer is obligatory five times Zuhr, 'Asr, Maghrib,' Isha 'and Fajr has been stated in detail from beginning to end by the Sunnah of the Prophet. In general, the times stated by the Prophet sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam by saying which means:
"Gabriel has led me twice. He prayed with me during the noon Zuhr and 'Asr when the shadow of an object has the same length a, and Sunset at sunset and' Isha 'when it goes syafaq (ie red light) and Dawn at dawn.
The next day, with my spirit prays Zuhr when the shadow of a being along it and the 'Asr when the shadow of a rank two times its length and when people break their fast Maghrib and' Isha 'and Fajr when the third night when the yellow light in the morning. Then Gabriel said: 'This prayer Prophets before you. Prayer is at the moment. "
In detailed, the times for each obligatory prayer are as follows:
Noon Time begins with the noon (zawal), the sun slanting from the middle of the sky to the west of the state of things have stood a little shadow when the sun and the sun began to lean towards the west. Noon Time ends when the shadow of things to be equal in length to it.
Time 'Asr (salat al-Middle) beginning with the end of the day begins to decline, when the shadow of an object is equal in length to the thing begins to increase with the increase of the minimum.It ends with sunset.
Sunset Time, it begins with sunset and continues until missing syafaq light (red light) to not look the least impact.Time 'Isha' begins with the conclusion of the Sunset, which lost syafaq stroke (red) and continued until the advent of dawn Sadiq, a few moments before dawn.
Of dawn began to appear and continued until dawn Sadiq up the sun (syuruq). Morning Sadiq was a prominent white light on the latitude the horizon.
Times and Time, which is forbidden Doing PrayerThere are five times as stated by the Sunnah as the time it was forbidden to perform prayers in it, namely:
After morning prayers to the rising sun.During the rising sun to rate ramh, which is about one-third hour after sunrise.
When the sun is vertical (noon) until noon (at the time for Zuhr).
After praying 'Asr until sunset.When the sun is yellow until sunset.
Forbidding to perform prayers at these times is not mutlaq, but specifically in certain types of prayer, namely:
All prayers, there is no reason to do so at a time as mutlaq prayers and rosary prayers.
The prayer that is reason for doing so later as circumcision and istikharah garb.
All these prayers if done at a time the ruling was highly forbidden Tahrim makruh and prayer also becomes void. Exceptions to the prayers that have been mentioned are some specific prayer that:
The prayer that has reason to do so as he had prayed had escaped (qadha '), the funeral, the vows, voluntary wudhu' and tahiyyatul mosque.
The prayer that has a reasonable time, such as hand in hand with prayer kusuf (eclipse) and RAIN (ask the rain).
Friday prayers when the sun was up.Prayer in the Sanctuary Mecca for prayers advantage itself.
In addition to these hours, there are some other time, which is forbidden to do the prayer, including prayers at the mosque minbar riding preacher for the sermon and before the prayers except circumcision rawatib on both.
Terms and Conditions Valid Prayer
Conditions for Prayer
Terms of prayer, which is divided into two taklif condition known as mandatory conditions and conditions of a legal or cash.
Necessary conditions Prayer
Prerequisite is a compulsory subject to conditions by putting up a prayer. Mandatory conditions in the prayer is as follows:Are Muslims.Puberty.Sanity.Shrine of menstruation and childbirth.Good sense of a member of either hearing or vision. Prayer is not obligatory on those who are born blind and deaf.
Until the call of Islam. Prayer is not obligatory to those who live an isolated and never sees the Islamic preacher.
Conditions Valid Prayer
Prayer is a prerequisite condition for determining the validity of a prayer or in other words the validity of a prayer depend on it.Sebahyang the conditions are as follows:Hadath Holy of small and large.
Holy places, clothing and body from any stool that is not forgiven.
Knowing about the inclusion of prayer either with confidence or expectation through ijtihad or blindly to people who know about it.Decking themselves.
Overlooking qiblat (Ka'bah).
Pillars of Prayer
Prayer sama is obligatory or recommended must meet the thirteen major rule as follows:
Standing up with the not so inclined or oblique to the extent of bowings without the excuse of those in authority to do so in the obligatory prayers. In prayer, standing up is not compulsory but is recommended ruling.
The intention of the liver while performing a pilgrimage to centralize qasad SOUGHT to do prayers while considering the type and form of either obligatory or voluntary.SOUGHT garb.
How committed is the utterance interpretation. Can also be a pronouncement or.
Interpretation of conditions are:
Interpretation of speeches made during the standing position.Reciting the takbir with the situation facing the qiblat.Interpretation is spoken in Arabic but not able to do so and had no time to learn, it can be a translation, but must be learned.
All letters are pronounced to be heard by themselves.The speech was to be later than the speech of the priest.While reciting the takbir should be accompanied by intent.Read Al-Fatihah. It is a rule at all rak'ahs when standing or other position as replacements in all kinds of prayers. The conditions are:
Readings shall be heard by themselves.Readings shall be the right order, look out of place (makhraj) character set with all the correct and sabdunya.
Do not over-sing and even can change the meaning.
Readings shall be in Arabic.Readings shall be standing.All text should be read thoroughly in every rak'ahs except Ma'mun masbuq and if the priest read too quickly.
Bow, the bow with the palms of his hands could allow up to your knees. This is the least, and preferably the same subject so that the neck and behind her stand two calves and hold hands and knees with the fingers mencengkamnya. Conditions bow is subject to the rate specified that up to two hands to knees without intended bow is something else other than pray, and continued tama'ninah the bow of peace just reading a rosary.
I'tidal after the bow. I'tidal means rose from the bow and returned to the stand or replacements along with tama'ninah. The conditions were carried out without purpose other than to establish the prayer, done in tama'ninah the rate of at least reading a rosary and not too long beyond the period of Al-Fatihah reading because it is a short rule.
Prostrate two times in each rak'ahs. The purpose is to touch the forehead prostrate people pray to the place of prostration.Prostrate conditions are:
Open the forehead without a mat and do not shut down when doing so.
Prostrations should occur on seven members of the forehead, both hands (the site), both knees and the fingertips of both feet simultaneously.
The bottom (back) to be lifted above the topmost part (head) than they can afford.
Prostration is done on the clothing connected to the moving of the motion.Not intended other than prostrate prayer.Forehead should be pressed into place a simple bow to the pressure effect on the fabric only if there is beneath it.
Tama'ninah when prostrate with reciting the rosary once.
Sitting between the two prostrations. How is sitting evenly on each Rak'aas tama'ninah with either standing up or not pray. The conditions are:Rose from the bow as do worship not because of anything else.
Do not be too long to exceed the period of the shortest tasyahhud reading.
Tama'ninah done at least silent for a while after the movement of, and preferably exceed the limit.
Tahiyyat sitting next followed by the end of salam. It is done at the end of each prayer Rak'aas need to read must be the tasyahhud remembrance. How circumcision is sitting in tawarru ', which is sitting with his left foot removed from the groin to his right and placed on the soil, and uphold the right leg and left leg out from under the right foot and right toe pressing on the earth (melipatkannya) to fingertips of the right foot toward the qiblat.
TASHAHHUD last sitting. Tasyahhud perfect narration is as follows:
Tasyahhud conditions are as follows:Readings shall be heard by themselves.Readings should be sequential without a long silence punctuated by the other or remembrance.
The reading shall be done while sitting except in the event of illness.
Readings shall be in Arabic but if you can not.
While reading it should be emphasized points out letters (makhraj) and all shaddahnya (line sabdu).The reading shall be in order in terms of His Words.
11. Richest to the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam after tasyahhud (tahiyyat end) during the last sitting. Richest pronouncement should be at least. As soon as the pronouncement of the richest richest Al-Ibrahimiyyah. Richest reading conditions are:
Readings shall be heard by themselves.Be a pronouncement of "Muhammad". Can also be the utterance of "Allah" or "An-Nabiy".
Shall be in Arabic but can not afford.Readings shall be ordered in terms sighahnya and read after tasyahhud.
The first greeting that aims to get out of the prayer and performed during the last sitting. The conditions are:
Initiated the word Posted by alif and lam is, we can not replace it with Nunnation.
Spoken with the "KAF al-khitab" to focus greetings to the second.
Each word must be connected with others.Spoken with the included "mim Al-Jama '" which shows the parties intended that the public salam.Posted spoken with the body's condition with his chest facing qiblat.
Speech shall be accompanied by an intention to get out of prayer, not intended for notification purposes only.
Speech is to be done while seated.Speeches made in Arabic except for those who do not have time to learn.
The speech was to be heard by themselves if there are no barriers.
The order of all the tenets of rule of prayer without proper advance put.
Article Circumcision In PrayerCircumcision when performing the prayers of two kinds, voluntary and voluntary hai'ah ab'adh. Ab'adh circumcision is that every thing must bow at the end of PEN prayer if left. While circumcision hai'ah, every thing which, if left not subject to prostrate PEN.
Circumcision Ab'adhTasyahhud older, tasyahhud read when sitting down after doing every two rak'ahs of prayer, Zuhr, 'Asr, Maghrib and' Isha '.Richest to the Prophet Muhammad sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam after the initial tasyahhud without connected with the richest family he sallallahu' alayhi wasallam.Richest to the family of Prophet Muhammad sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam after tasyahhud end.Seated for performing each of the three recommended ab'adh above.Reading time qunut i'tidal rak'ahs prayed at dawn, at the end of rak'ahs prayed Witr during the second half of Ramadan after the fifteenth night.
Circumcision Hai'ahCircumcision hai'ah very much during the prayer. In general, voluntary hai'ah can be summarized into the following matters:
Lifting both hands when SOUGHT garb, began to bow and rose from it, and when the wake of the early tasyahhud.
Placing his right hand on the back of your left hand under the chest, above the center as directed slightly to the liver.
Looking to the place of prostration as he lowered his head slightly.Reading iftitah tawajjuh or prayer silently.
Isti'azah reciting slowly after tawajjuh and before the Al-Fatihah.
In addition, Ma'mun be loud reading in places that require so that the morning prayers, the first two rak'ahs prayed Maghrib and 'Isha', the Friday, two day, lunar eclipses, RAIN, tarawih,ramadhan Witr, two rak'ahs after the tawaf at night and during dawn. At other times shall be slow voice.After Al-Fatihah read either by the priest, Ma'mun or alone.
Read the chapter or at least three sentences after reading Al-Fatiha. It is desirable to the priest or private, and Ma'mun is not listening to the priest, except in the third and fourth rak'ahs to other masbuq first two rak'ahs.
Takbeer while performing a movement from one rule to another rule.
Reading time lifting his head from the ruku '.When reciting `bow and prostrate themselves three times.Placing both hands on both thighs when sitting tasyahhud.
Iftirash sitting in all other places they are required to sit on the masbuq and forget.Read the richest Ibrahimiyyah after tasyahhud end.Pray and ta'awwuz that seek refuge in Allah after tasyahhud end.Posted greeted the obligatory first post.Conscientiously, that is to bring care when prayer and attention to every word spoken.

Disapproved by consensus of the ulama 'means tanzihiyyah, something that should be avoided. If a person is not encouraged to do the prayer, then we recommend that he should do it again if the time is still there. Generally, in determining the size of makruh things are all acts and things which are contrary to the Sunnah.
Among the things he disapproved of prayer, is as follows:
Leaving a matter of circumcision in prayer on purpose.
Doing menyonsang reading of the order is in the Qur'an.
Read the second reading of rak'ahs Surat longer than they read in the first rak'ahs.Repeating the same reading of the chapter in a Rak'aas the same or in two rak'ahs.
Do something that does not mean with his hands without any reason to be.
Both eyes closed in prayer without necessity.
Turned to the chest is still facing qiblat when prayers without any excuse.
Standing on one leg or one leg raised and pledged to the foot of another.
Pray stop the desire to urinate, defecate or refrain from terkentut.
Prayer in a state dependent on the wall or the like.
Read the chapter or verse in the last two rak'ahs except for the obligatory prayers which masbuq Ma'mun who missed the first two rak'ahs.
Reading aloud in the proper place slowly or otherwise.
Spread both sides of the bow arm as did the lion.
Prayer with daily wear or dress for work if they have other clothes.
Prayer without a shirt when he was able to wear it.
Praying with clothes painted with pictures of animals or humans.
Prayer in places such as bathrooms, markets, places and tall grass, graves, churches, dumps, abattoirs and animal pens.
Things Cancel PrayerA person who pray, do one of the following matters:
Other intentional conversations Qur'an, remembrance and prayer.The conversation that cancel at least two letters or more, even when not understood its meaning. Similarly, if only one letter but understood its meaning.
Do the act or movement of large external (more than three times) and sequential.
Drop one of the conditions of prayer. Among them:
Hadath occur either small or large before the first salam intentionally or not, except hadath continued as a serious hemorrhoid disease.Bird droppings are not forgiven either on the body, clothing or a place of worship without being removed or avoided immediately prior passes tama'ninah minimal period.
Deliberately open nakedness even closed immediately or accidental, but managed to close immediatelyChest diverted from qiblat conscious.People who pray to be mad, unconscious or intoxicated while doing so.
Malfunction occurs in one of the pillars of prayer, as in the following circumstances:
Determined to change the intent of the prayer, or hang out of the prayers end with a point.
Doubt on the intentions, SOUGHT garb, or the intended type of prayer.
Doubt or suspicion has decided whether or not prayer.
A deliberately decided rule as do i'tidal before perfect bow in tama'ninah.Adding any rule intentionally, such as adding bow or prostrate.
Extend the rule of the shorter on purpose.
Eating and drinking while praying in a lot more than uruf.

Laughter, berdehem, crying, moaning in pain is done deliberately to produce a clear sound even just two letters was not understood.
Apostasy, even in its rough picture rather than hukmi.

Distribution of Prayer - Prayer Fardhu

Types of PrayerPrayer is generally divided into two types, only the obligatory prayers and prayers. Friday prayer is one of the obligatory prayers, but it disyari'atkan in place of Zuhr to specific groups.Obligatory prayers is also sometimes done while traveling, and his ways more flexible form. While nafilah prayers have many types and forms.
Prayer Fardhu
Prayer forms FardhuHave some form of obligatory prayer when to do it, namely:Congregational prayers.Friday prayers.JOURNEY prayers.Prayer of Fear.
Prayer Berjema'ahCongregational prayer means combining prayer with the prayer the priest Ma'mun. Result by the number of holding together two or more persons. Rule is obligatory kifayah except Friday prayer.Therefore, it must be done by a group of people in a place or area. However, there is some excuse that allowed the Shari'ah to not attend the mosque for congregational prayer as follows:
General illness such as rain, strong wind at night, the road is too muddy and muddy.
Specific illness such as pain, conditions that are too hungry and thirsty, afraid of people who will do injustice to himself and his property, when prevented from happening hadath (small) due to bladder and bowel. Similarly, a person who eat smelly food, or dress in clothes that are dirty and smelly that may disturb others.
Terms of Imam
Imam not one unlearned incorrect reading of al-Fatihah, in terms of defects, absence syaddah and so forth, when Ma'mun better.Imam is not among women if ma'mumnya men.Imam to be followed was not a follower of the other priests.
Method according to Imam
Ma'mun should not be in front of the priest. Makruh if Ma'mun stand in line with the priest, but the sunatnya is behind some of the priests. Measurements are taken either before or behind the heel.
Ma'mun should follow not precede SOUGHT priest with priest garb. Makruh rule if done concurrently with the other priests SOUGHT garb.
Ma'mun must follow the priest acts in all movement from one rule to a rule in the form of the act (rule fi'liyy) of the act Ma'mun be later than the priest, unless there is illness, such as slow speech, he may miss out by priest with a long three-pillar.Ma'mun must know the transfer of the priests of a rule to a rule either see it or see some of the rows, or hear the voice of the priests or missionaries (priests interpretation of narrators).
Distances between Ma'mun and the priest should not be too far in that both prayers outside the mosque. If the prayer was established in the mosque, then followed Ma'mun was valid even though the extent to which the distance between the two.Ma'mun must intend congregation or by the priest when SOUGHT garb.
Friday Prayers
Friday Prayer has difardhukan in Mecca just before the Prophet migrated to Medina. The Prophet sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam also stressed by saying: "Friday Prayer is a responsibility that must be on every Muslim."
Necessary conditions Friday

Mukallaf, who was a Muslim, puberty and understanding.Complete independence. Slaves were not required to Juma `at.
Men, it is not compulsory for women because they are busy with children and housework, hence causing inconvenience to them.Body healthy, not sick harmful.Resided at Juma `at established.
Conditions Valid Friday
Prayer shall be erected within the boundaries of the building and construction either in the town or village whose population resident status.
Friday the number of members sufficient condition of not less than forty people enough condition.
The number of permanent members from the beginning of Friday sermons to the conclusion of the prayer.
Founded in the time of Zuhr. If the Noon time was narrow, not enough to set up the Friday prayers, they must establish the noon prayer.
No multiplicity Friday in one place for it can be in one too many people holding together except when the place was crowded.
Obligatory Friday
It consists of two obligatory, the sermons and prayed two rak'ahs.Friday Prayer to be set up with two rak'ahs in congregation after the sermon. To get the Jama'ah in the Friday prayer, is required to obtain a full rak'ahs. If it is available, the Friday prayer is valid and if not, it must be changed to Noon.
Sermon Pillars
Glorify God Almighty using any utterance, even in the verse that reads the contents.

Prayed to the Prophet sallallahu 'alayhi wasallam by any of the words that means.Reminded that the fear of God to use any narration.
Read a verse from the Qur'an that can provide understanding and have a clear meaning in one of two sermons.Pray for those who believe in the second sermon.
Terms Sermon
Khatib stood when preaching if it is authorized to do so. The two sermons should be separated by sitting.
Not put the prayer.Khatib is in good condition from hadath large and small, and the stools are not forgiven either on clothing, body or locality and are in a closed 'private parts.
The rules of the sermon read in Arabic, though not understood by the Jama'ah.A row of pillars between the sermons and preaching the first sermon as well as between the second sermon with prayer.
Pillars of the two sermons that must be heard by an adequate forty conditions of Friday prayer.
Prayer Persons traveling
Travel is in the form of a punishment. Due to traveling, people lost their feelings calm and relaxation. Therefore, Allah Almighty gave them two forms of facilitation in the prayer as follows:
Shortening the number of rak'ahs called Qasr.Merging two cash prayer with one another in a time called the Jama '.
The journey that allows prayer Jama 'and Qasr required:
Travel distance should be up to two marhalah, about 81 km or more.Travel must be specific towards known that the place is a far-off.
Travel is not the purpose of evil. Traveling for the purpose of dealing alcohol, usury, or stole the evil there can be flexibility.
Qasr Prayer
It is obligatory to shorten the prayer of each praying four rak'ahs of Zuhr, 'Asr and' Isha 'to two rak'ahs in the required way.
The conditions of Qasr prayer as follows:Prayer was time for journeys and be discharged on a journey.
People who travel should have come to the border city or town to be left behind or beyond the buildings of the town.People traveling does not intend to stay in the area of ​​attack for four days or more, excluding the days to come, and go home.

Persons who journey, not a Ma'mun to the residence, then prayer must be accomplished by proper number of rak'ahs.
Prayer Jama 'Prayer Jama 'means cash prayed together two of each other at a time.Prayer Jama 'are divided into two parts:
Jama 'taqdim the second prayer in the first time. Terms of Jama 'taqdim are as follows:

a) fulfilled the order between them, which is the first prayer first, followed by the second prayer.b) There shall be intended Jama 'for the second prayer in the first time before the first prayer when SOUGHT garb.c) fulfilled in a row (muwalat) of the second prayer cashed immediately upon completion of the first prayer Posted without separated by anything either remembrance, prayers or other.d) The journey continues to be the second prayer.e) Prayer is the first to be convinced that the set of valid even if the prayer is to be discharged because of possible lack of hot water.Jama 'ta'khir of delaying the first prayer in the second period.Prayer in Jama 'are not required to order ta'khir between prayer, but also can begin with any desired prayer. Also not required muwalat (respectively), but it is encouraged. The conditions are:a) the intention to delay the first prayer at the time the time within which the prayer.b) Persons who journey shall continue to be reconciled so that both set the prayer is completed.
Prayer Khawf (The Fear)
Khawf obligatory prayers is the prayer that was established during the war. It's special because some of the other prayers rukhsah (facilities) are given, especially when the congregation.
Prayer khawf has two states based on the war situation, namely:
Alert and the war has not erupted.When the war broke out, the row-row scattered and disturbing atmosphere.
State of alert and yet war broke outFor this situation there are two different ways because of differences in the position of the enemy:
When the enemy is, and controlled at the qiblat and war has not yet emerged. The priest shall arrange the army into two rows, four or more, and pray with them. When the priest prostrated, the row behind the imam should also prostrated along with the priest.

While the rest should take care of their friends who were prostrate from the enemy. When the priest and the row is prostrate with him up, then the last standing row should bow down to them along with the priest while sitting tasyahhud. After it's all about presence, along with the priest. This is how the prayer made by him on the war Asfan.
When the enemy scattered, not even in the qiblat and the war has not yet emerged. How are encouraged to pray in such circumstances is as follows:
a) Force of Prayer is divided into two groups, the first group stood upon the enemy as protecting Muslims and the second group went to perform prayers in congregation with the priest.
b) The Imam prayed together with the second group to finish a rak'ahs. When the priest stands at the second rak'ahs, the Ma'mun must intend mufaraqah (divorced from the priest) and they execute on their own two rak'ahs. Then they went to the first group being awake.
c) The first team to watch come up as the priest and the priest must stand for long on just the first two rak'ahs able to stand with him. Imam prays with them in the second rak'ahs is the first rak'ahs if attributed to Ma'mun. When the priest sat for tasyahhud, they got two complete rak'ahs until they sit in the priest still TASHAHHUD. Then the priest saluted with them.
When war broke out, Saf-Saf Scattered and disturbing atmosphere.Upon the occurrence of these conditions, there is no certain way to prayer. Even the prayers everyone in the circumstances that permits them to establish whether standing, riding, walking or stopped, whether facing qiblat or not. Prostrate done by sign or by moving his head as a signal to prostrate to make the bow lower than the bow.
Prayer Nafilah
Nafilah additional means in the context of additional prayer is prayer that God Almighty difardhukan.
Prayer is divided into two forms, namely:Prayer is not circumcision performed in congregation.Supererogatory prayer performed in congregation.
Congregational prayer is sunnahPrayer in congregation is not circumcised is divided into two parts, accompanying prayers are not obligatory and obligatory escort.Accompanying prayers obligatory prayers. It is divided in two:
a) The prayer that is the sunnah mu'akkadah, which consists of:
i. Two rak'ahs before the dawn prayers.ii. Two rak'ahs before and after the noon prayer.iii. Two rak'ahs after the Maghrib prayers.iv. Two rak'ahs after the prayer 'Isha'.b) non-Sunnah Prayers mu'akkadah consists of:i. Two rak'ahs before Zuhr prayers, in addition to two rak'ahs which mu'akkadah.ii. Two rak'ahs after the noon prayer, in addition to two rak'ahs which mu'akkadah.iii. Four rak'ahs before praying 'Asr.iv. Two light rak'ahs before prayers. Meaning of "light" is to do the pillars of prayer, circumcision, circumcision and Manners adabnya minimal as possible.v. Two light rak'ahs before praying 'Isha'.Not accompany the prayers obligatory prayers. It is divided into two parts, namely:
a) Prayer circumcision has no name and a specific time, better known as mutlaq prayers are performed at any time except during certain hours prohibited. It is done with a given salam every two rak'ahs.
b) voluntary prayers and have a name and a specific time, including:
i. Tahiyyatul mosque prayers, the prayer of two rak'ahs before sitting down every time in the mosque.
Tahiyyatul mosque, resulting in obligatory prayers or with any other prayers for the purpose of it is that one does not immediately sit in the mosque to perform prayer.
ii. Witr prayer. It is sunnah mu'akkadah. Called Witr or strange as it culminating in a different rak'ahs in prayer or other. Witr Prayer is between praying 'Isha' and dawn. The most Afdhal was delayed until the end of the night prayer. At least Witr is one rak'ahs, but makruh if only to do with that number and at least the number of rak'ahs is three rak'ahs perfect. Founded two rak'ahs then one rak'ahs. The most complete total is eleven rak'ahs.
iii. Qiyamullail. It is called also the watches if done after sleep.Qiyamullail is recommended that do not have a specific number of rak'ahs. They met after waking and before morning prayer.
iv. The prayer of the sun. At least the sun is the prayer of two rak'ahs and the most perfect is eight rak'ahs. It is Afdhal if separated at each two rak'ahs with a greeting. Time to start up the sun until the slip and the afdhalnya is after over a quarter of the day.
v. Istikharah prayer, the prayer of two rak'ahs established not at the dimakruhkan. It is encouraged for those who want to something or want to do something that is permissible, but he did not know the good that is in them. It is desirable ma'thur prayer that comes from Allah after the prayer. If after that God opened his heart to do that, then he can do.
Sunnah prayer in congregation
Two Prayer Day
Id day of the feast day of fasting and sacrifice is sunna mu'akkadah. It claimed to be done in congregation but is still valid if done alone. Time to start from the rising of the sun to the sun. More Afdhal Time was when the sun comes up just long spear (high segalah).

Prayer day with two raka `at. It begins with a prayer and pilgrimage SOUGHT iftitah, then takbir seven times as SOUGHT garb. Interpretation of the seven had separated from each other just a simple verse and reciting circumcised.
Then recite the `privileged Azah and recited the Fatihah, and read with a chapter or a few sentences. Interpretation for the second rak'ahs only five times. In addition to the two sermons preached circumcised after Friday prayers as sermons, but it was done after the prayer.
Tarawih Prayer
Disyari'atkan tarawih prayers during Ramadan and specifically recommended in congregation founded and valid if founded on an individual basis. Time of prayer 'Isha' and Fajr prayers and before the Witr prayer. It can be set up by eight rak'ahs and twenty rak'ahs performed every two rak'ahs with one salam.
Sun and Moon Eclipse Prayer
Al-Kusuf (solar eclipse) on the language used when the sun or the moon protected either partially or in total. Normally, al-kusuf used for a lunar eclipse. The rule here is the sunnah mu'akkadah. If the eclipse prayer is to the sun, the measurement should be slowed down, while if the eclipse of the moon, readings shall be dinyaring and amplified.Prayer eclipses have two ways:
Performed on each rak'ahs with two standing, two-time reading (Al-Fatihah and the verses), and two bow without extend it (standing up, reading and bowings, then stood to read and bow).The eclipse prayer valid if established two rak'ahs with two standing and two bow as Friday prayer.
Performed on each rak'ahs with two times up. At all times stand reading long read. Read after Al-Fatihah, Surah Al-Baqarah or other chapters of equal length on the stand the first time in the first rak'ahs. For the second time in rak'ahs standing first, read the verse that matches the 200 sentences. While reading the first time while standing on the second rak'ahs is only 150 verses.

And reading while standing up for the second time in two rak'ahs is equal to 100 reading Surah Al-Baqarah.Then when the bow, then dipanjangkannya up approximately equal to 100 sentences, bow extended only 80 second sentence, bow three sentences and bow just 70 fourth-just 50 verses. The second way is better. When the prayer was finished, the priest stood up to preach two sermons, the same as the Friday sermon, only the priest should encourage people to repent, to do good and warned not to default.
PRAYER FOR (Request for rain)Meaning PRAYER FOR disyari'atkan is prayer that rain had not come down and the spring drought. It is encouraged when there is why. Claims do it will expire when the cause is lost, such as rain or spring water began to flow.
There are three ways to ask for rain:
The most minimal way, ie pray to God at any time you like.
Middle way is to pray after the wake of the bow on the last Rak'aas compulsory prayer, or after the prayer.The perfect way is to do the following:
a) At the beginning, the imam (head of government) or his deputy shall ask the people to repent, give alms to the poor, leaving all forms of tyranny, and fasted for four days in a row.
b) The Imam is the best government leaders together out of the public on the day of the fourth in a state of fasting, wearing a long dress (worn), in a state conscientiously, and humiliated head to a wide range of fields through a certain way and his return by roadanother one. Then the chief or his deputy to do the prayer with the people of the two rak'ahs as' Id day.
c) Upon completion of the prayer, the imam (head of government) shall be preached two sermons as sermons by day, but both should begin with preaching forgiveness in the first nine times and seven times in the second sermon in place of the interpretation.

When the sermon began, and passed a third of them, the preacher should be turned towards the qiblat to ignore the public by changing the cloth robe or shawl to be the top to bottom, bottom to top, right to left and left to the right to disclose feelings of humiliation before God Almighty. People are also encouraged to do what the preacher.
Funeral PrayersThe conditions of Prayer are as follows:
Prayer just as other prayers, which should close the 'aurat, purified from hadath large and small, good body, clothing, and facing toward the qiblat.The body is washed and shrouded individually.The body is placed next to their qiblat menyembahyangkannya except where prayers take place in the tomb (unseen prayer).
How to do Prayer is standing alone with no bowings, tasyahhud and sit down. Before he did not come with ANY ADHANAND IQAMAH.
The fundamentals and how to discharge were as follows:Takbir with SOUGHT garb in prayer intention on the body.After Prayer, read Surah Al-Fatihah.Takbeer for the second time. Next read the richest of any pronouncement of the richest and most Afdhal is the richest Ibrahimiyyah.Then the Prayer for the third time and pray for the dead after the interpretation.Then the Prayer for the fourth time and the next call.Then saluted to the right and left.

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